What separates femoral condyles?
What separates femoral condyles?
Anteriorily the condyles are separated by a groove, the femoral trochlea. The sulcus represents the deepest point in the trochlea relative the mid plane between the condyles, the sulcus lies slightly laterally.
Which tagged structure separates the two condyles?
The intercondylar notch separates the two condyles distally and posteriorly. The lateral wall of the notch has a flat impression, where the proximal origin of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) arises.
Does a femoral condyle fracture require surgery?
Discussion. Femoral medial condyle fracture is a rare fracture. As with any articular injury, anatomical restoration of the joint surface must be obtained, then lag screw fixation is required.
What separates the condyles of the tibia?
Now let’s look at the distal end. The two smoothly curved surfaces are the lateral condyle and the medial condyle. The deep notch which separates them is the intercondylar notch.
What separates the medial and lateral femoral condyles posteriorly?
Posteriorly, the medial and lateral condyles are separated by a deep depression called the intercondylar fossa. Anteriorly, the smooth surfaces of the condyles join together to form a wide groove called the patellar surface, which provides for articulation with the patella bone.
Where is the distal medial femoral condyle?
The femoral condyle, comprising the medial and lateral condyles, is the expanded distal end of the femur and participates in the formation of the knee joint.
What do the femoral condyles articulate with?
The medial and lateral femoral condyles articulate with the medial and lateral condyles of the tibia to form the knee joint. The knee is comprised of three bones, the femur, patella, and tibia.
How long does it take for a fractured femoral condyle to heal?
This normally takes between 6 to 8 weeks but can be up to 14 weeks. During this time, weight-bearing through the injured side can be gradually increased from non-weight-bearing to toe-touch weight bearing to partial weight-bearing, as pain allows.
How long does a condyle fracture take to heal?
Bony healing typically takes 6 weeks to complete; therefore, a soft diet may be necessary for 1 to 2 months in the absence of other fixation methods to prevent jaw displacement while the fracture is healing.
What is a femoral condyle defect?
Femoral Condyle Chondromalacia: Damage to the cartilage on the end of the bone is known as arthritis. This could also be described as “chondromalacia” which is basically a “kind” term for arthritis. Any damage to the cartilage in the body in effect is arthritis.
What does the medial femoral condyle do?
What does the femoral condyle do?
The femoral condyles are located on the end of the thigh bone, or the femur. They are covered by articular cartilage and function as a shock absorber for the knee.
What is the function of a condyle?
Condyle – Refers to a large prominence, which often provides structural support to the overlying hyaline cartilage. It bears the brunt of the force exerted from the joint. Examples include the knee joint (hinge joint), formed by the femoral lateral and medial condyles, and the tibial lateral and medial condyles.
How serious is distal femur fracture?
Because of the forceful nature of these fractures, many patients also have other injuries, often of the head, chest, abdomen, pelvis, spine, and other limbs. Elderly people with distal femur fractures typically have poor bone quality. As we age, our bones get thinner. Bones can become very weak and fragile.
Can a chondral defect heal itself?
A chondral defect usually occurs following an injury such as a blow to the knee or other joints. Cartilage does not repair by itself and therefore other treatment is needed.
Does chondral defect need surgery?
The choice of treatment will depend on the size of the defect, its location, and the patient’s goals. Chondral defects are difficult to treat and can sometimes require surgical repair if all conservative measures have failed.
Is the medial femoral condyle part of the knee?
The medial (inner) part of the femur (called the medial femoral condyle) makes contact with the medial part of the tibia and is referred to as the medial knee joint compartment.
What causes a femoral condyle fracture?
Osteochondral fractures of lateral femoral condyle are common in adolescents and young adults. They are usually caused by direct trauma or twisting injuries of the knee.
What attaches to the femoral condyle?
The fibular collateral ligament (supporting structure that attaches the fibula to the femur) also has an insertion on the lateral condyle. It lies deep to the iliotibial tract (fibrous continuation of the tensor fasciae latae), which also inserts on the lateral femoral condyle.
What does condyle mean in medical terms?
Medical Definition of condyle : an articular prominence of a bone —used chiefly of such as occur in pairs resembling a pair of knuckles (as those of the occipital bone for articulation with the atlas, those at the distal end of the humerus and femur, and those of the lower jaw) — see lateral condyle, medial condyle.
Can a distal femur fracture heal without surgery?
Very few distal femur fracture patterns and types do not need surgery for the bone to heal. This is because the strength of muscles that pull on the bones trying to pull them apart. Small breaks or those with good overall alignment often can be treated without an operation.
What is a femoral condyle?
Femur (Thigh Bone) The femoral condyles are the two rounded prominences at the end of the femur; they are called the medial and the lateral femoral condyle, respectively. The motions of the condyles include rocking, gliding and rotating.
What do condyles do?
What does a condyle do?
condyle A smooth round knob of bone that fits into a socket on an adjoining bone, forming a joint. Such a joint permits up-and-down or side-to-side movement but does not allow rotation. There are condyles where the lower jawbone (mandible) is attached to the skull, which permits chewing movements.
Is condyle a bone?
A condyle (/ˈkɒndəl/ or /ˈkɒndaɪl/; Latin: condylus, from Greek: kondylos; κόνδυλος knuckle) is the round prominence at the end of a bone, most often part of a joint – an articulation with another bone….
|Anatomical terms of bone|