What are 3 causes of macrosomia?

What are 3 causes of macrosomia?


  • Having a family history of fetal macrosomia.
  • Excessive weight gain during pregnancy.
  • Obesity during pregnancy.
  • Multiple pregnancies.
  • A pregnancy lasting more than 40 weeks.
  • A mother with an above-average height and weight.
  • Having a male child.

What are 5 complications of macrosomia?


  • Labor problems. Fetal macrosomia can cause a baby to become wedged in the birth canal (shoulder dystocia), sustain birth injuries, or require the use of forceps or a vacuum device during delivery (operative vaginal delivery).
  • Genital tract lacerations.
  • Bleeding after delivery.
  • Uterine rupture.

What is macrosomia in pregnancy?

A fetus larger than 4000 to 4500 grams (or 9 to 10 pounds) is considered macrosomic. Macrosomia is associated with an increased risk of several complications, particularly maternal and/or fetal trauma during birth and neonatal hypoglycemia and respiratory problems.

What does macrosomia mean?

Macrosomia is a term that describes a baby who is born much larger than average for their gestational age, which is the number of weeks in the uterus. Babies with macrosomia weigh over 8 pounds, 13 ounces.

What are risk factors for macrosomia?

Risk factors for macrosomia are not all known. They include maternal obesity or overweight, diabetes or gestational diabetes, excessive weight gain during pregnancy, post-term pregnancy, and male sex [7]. Prenatal diagnosis of macrosomia might call for close attention during labor and delivery.

Is macrosomia a birth defect?

Fetal macrosomia is a condition in which your fetus is larger than average (between 4,000 grams [8 pounds, 13 ounces] and 4,500 grams [9 pounds, 15 ounces]). There are many causes, including diabetes or obesity in the birth parent.

Can macrosomia cause death?

Mortality was significantly associated with macrosomia as has been previously noted by other authors [3, 8]. Contrary to the study by Zhang et al. [21], most deaths occurred in macrosomic neonates in the weight range of 4000–4499 g compared to those weighing 4500 g.

Is macrosomia a diagnosis?

Fetal macrosomia can’t be diagnosed until after the baby is born and weighed. However, if you have risk factors for fetal macrosomia, your health care provider will likely use tests to monitor your baby’s health and development while you’re pregnant, such as: Ultrasound.

Can macrosomia be treated?

Objective: Treatment of fetal macrosomia presents challenges to practitioners because a potential outcome of shoulder dystocia with permanent brachial plexus injury is costly both to families and to society. Practitioner options include labor induction, elective cesarean delivery, or expectant treatment.

How is macrosomia treated?

Abstract. Objective: Treatment of fetal macrosomia presents challenges to practitioners because a potential outcome of shoulder dystocia with permanent brachial plexus injury is costly both to families and to society. Practitioner options include labor induction, elective cesarean delivery, or expectant treatment.

Can macrosomia cause birth defects?

Births involving fetal macrosomia are also at risk of birth defects and injuries, like a fractured clavicle or damage to the nerves of the brachial plexus. In fact, these injuries are the most common fetal injuries associated with macrosomia.

How many kg is normal delivery?

Surprised at the weight of the baby,Dr Chinde said,“In India,the average weight of a newborn baby is 2.5 to 3 kg. For babies weighing up to 4 kg C-section is preferred but there are cases of normal deliveries. But it is rare to have a baby weighing five kg through normal delivery,” he said.

Is macrosomia reason for C section?

Abstract. Background: Fetal macrosomia is associated with increased risk of dystocia and birth trauma. Elective Cesarean section has been recommended for macrosomic fetus to prevent the associated complications. However, the cost/benefit ratio of such practice should be known before it can be considered appropriate.

How do you treat a Macrosomic baby?

Is a big baby unhealthy?

Newborns pushing 9 pounds face an increased risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease, cancer and even neurological problems over a lifetime. They are more likely to run afoul of these conditions than are babies born in the “sweet spot” — not too big and not too small.

Which weight is best for normal delivery?

Health is one of the prime concerns of expecting parents.

  • The ideal weight of a newborn baby, who is born between 36-40 weeks, should be between 2.5 – 4.5 kg.
  • Here are the various factors that can influence the baby’s normal birth weight:
  • How much weight of baby is OK for normal delivery?

    Babies come in all shapes and sizes More than 9 out of 10 babies born at term (37 to 40 weeks) weigh between 2.5kg and 4.5kg. If your baby weighs 4.5kg or more at birth, they are considered larger than normal. This is also known as ‘fetal macrosomia’ and large for gestational age (LGA).

    Can a 3.7 kg baby normal delivery?

    While the average weight for a full-term baby is around 3.3kg, some healthy babies have been born below or above that weight. If your baby is born between 2.5kgs and 3.7kg, there’s no cause for concern.

    Do big babies develop slower?

    Infants born large-for-gestational-age display slower growth in early infancy, but no epigenetic changes at birth.

    Is macrosomia treatable?

    Macrosomia is related to perinatal complications and the term fetus increases its body mass approximately 150-200g per week. Early term or 39-week induction of labor can reduce rates of macrosomia compared with expectant management, and therefore may decrease the complications of macrosomia.

    Is a heavy baby good?

    Seven-pound babies appear to be healthier than six-pound babies — and to fare better in school as they age. The same goes for eight-pound babies compared with seven-pound babies, and nine-pound babies compared with eight-pound babies.

    How many baby delivery is normal in kg?

    ¿Qué es la macrosomía fetal?

    Descripción general. El término “macrosomía fetal” se utiliza para describir a un recién nacido que es mucho más grande que el promedio. Un bebé al que se le diagnostica macrosomía fetal pesa más de 8 libras con 13 onzas (4000 gramos), independientemente de su edad gestacional.

    ¿Por qué el feto es macrosómico?

    Cuando el feto es macrosómico por causa de la diabetes materna sus niveles de glucosa e insulina son más elevados de lo normal. En el momento del nacimiento, cuando se corta el cordón umbilical y se interrumpe el suministro de glucosa materna, los niveles de insulina del neonato continúan elevados y disminuyen la concentración de glucosa en sangre.

    ¿Cuándo se considera que el crecimiento del feto es excesivo?

    En el caso de la macrosomía fetal existen valores que permiten determinar cuándo se considera que el crecimiento del feto es excesivo: Peso de nacimiento de 4500 gramos, o superior a 4000 gramos, es decir, entre 4,5 kg y 4 kg. El peso del feto al momento del nacimiento es mayor al percentil 90.

    ¿Cuáles son las complicaciones de las macrosomías?

    En el grupo de macrosomías hubo las siguientes complicaciones: el 74,07% presentó traumatismos del canal del parto; el 25,97%, afección gestacional; el 2,95%, complicaciones hemorrágicas, y el 2,061%, distocia de hombros. Conclusiones: En las tablas 1, 2, 3 y 4 se recogen los datos finales.