What is Saptanga mentioned in the arthashastra?
What is Saptanga mentioned in the arthashastra?
Saptanga theory Kautilya’s saptanga (seven organs) theory of state illustrates a novel dimension of state power that dialectically engages political rationality and normativity; artha and dharma respectively. His theory borrows from the Ayurveda medical treatise which speaks of seven elements of the body.
What is written in Kautilya’s Arthashastra?
The Arthashastra (Sanskrit: अर्थशास्त्रम्, IAST: Arthaśāstram) is an Ancient Indian Sanskrit treatise on statecraft, political science, economic policy and military strategy. Kautilya, also identified as Vishnugupta and Chanakya, is traditionally credited as the author of the text.
What is the moral of Arthashastra?
Like the enlightenment-era social-contract theory, the Arthashastra declares the purpose of the state to be removal of matsya-nyaya within its boundaries. To this end, material comfort and prosperity of its people becomes the State’s existential obligation — with the ruler as little more than a public servant.
Who wrote Arthsastra?
ChanakyaArthashastra / AuthorChanakya was an ancient Indian polymath who was active as a teacher, author, strategist, philosopher, economist, jurist, and royal advisor. Wikipedia
What is the Saptanga theory?
According to Kautilya, a state has seven elements or constituents, namely, Swamin— the King, Amatya—the Minister, Janapada—the Land, and the People, Durga—the Fortress, Kosha—the Treasury, Danda—the Army and Mitra—the Allies. This entire set-up of the kingdom was described as Saptanga theory in ancient India.
What is the Saptanga theory of Manu?
In Manusmriti, Manu deals with seven Prakritis of the state like king, the ministers, the capital, the realm, the treasure, the army and ally. But Kautilya in his Arthashastra put the same in a different order like the swami, the Amatyas, the Janapada, the Durgas, the Kosha, the Danda, the Mitra and the enemy.
Who is called Machiavelli of India?
Kautilya was an academician at Taxila University and later the Prime Minister of the Mauryan Empire. He is referred to as the Indian Machiavelli as a result of his undisputed and shrewd techniques and policies, which mirror a “realist” approach to politics, diplomacy and warfare.
How many slokas are there in Kautilya Arthashastra?
It is a treatise on artha written about 2,300 years ago and attributed to a person named Kautilya. It consists of 15 adhikaranas or books, mainly in prose, with 380 shlokas occurring at the end of the various chapters.
What is dharma According to Kautilya?
Kautilya ascribed a lot of importance to ‘dharma’. According to him, ‘the ultimate source of all law is dharma’. He appealed in the name of ‘dharma’ to the sense of honour and duty and to human dignity, to moral responsibility and to enlightened patriotism.
Who humiliated Chanakya?
Chanakya was humiliated by Nandas. Chanakya was the prime minister of Emperor Chandragupta, the first ruler of the Mauryan Empire. As a Brahmin statesman, he was well known for his role in Chandragupta’s defeat of the Nanda dynasty.
Where can I read Arthshastra?
Arthashastra – Wikisource, the free online library.
Who propounded the Saptanga theory?
The Saptanga theory of the state was given by Kautilya.
Who advocated Saptanga theory of the state *?
Kautilya advocates the Sapthanga theory of the state.
What does the word swami means in Saptanga theory?
The Sovereign King
1) Swami (The Sovereign King)- The Swami is the chief executive head of the state and, is, thus “the consummation of all other elements”. The word Swami is derived from the word swayam which refers to self-determining.
Who advocated Saptanga theory of the state?
The Saptanga theory of the state was given by Kautilya. Kautilya wrote the Arthashastra and in this, he wrote about the Saptanga theory of the state. Mitra (ally).
Who said Kautilya is Indian Machiavelli?
“Truly radical ‘Machiavellianism,’ in the popular sense of that word,”Weber said in his famous lecture “Politics as a Vocation,” “is classically expressed in Indian literature in the Arthashastra of Kautilya (written long before the birth of Christ, ostensibly in the time of Chandragupta [Maurya]): compared to it.
How many lessons are in Kautilya is?
Arthashastra is divided into 15 adhikaranas or book titles, 150 chapters and 180 topics. It is believed to be written as a handbook by Kautilya for Chandragupta to instruct him in how to reign over an empire. Thus, the correct answer is option ‘D’ i.e, Kautilya’s Arthashastra is divided into 15 adhikaranas.
What is Saptanga theory?
Who insults Chanakya?
King Nanda, however, saw things in a different light. He insulted Chanakya by calling him an ugly Brahmin. Some legends have the Nanda princes also insulting Chanakya, by calling him an ugly monkey.
How did Nanda insult Chanakya?
The Buddhist tradition states that Dhana Nanda insulted the Brahmin Chanakya for his ugly appearance during an alms-giving ceremony at Pupphapura (Pushpapura), ordering him to be thrown out of the assembly. Chanakya then cursed the king, who ordered his arrest.
Is Arthashastra a good book?
Arthashastra is an excellent treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy. it is said to have been written by Kautilya, also known by the name Chanakya or Vishnugupta, the prime minister of India’s first great emperor, Chandragupta Maurya.
How many slokas are there in Arthashastra?
What Exactly Is The Arthashastra? It is a treatise on artha written about 2,300 years ago and attributed to a person named Kautilya. It consists of 15 adhikaranas or books, mainly in prose, with 380 shlokas occurring at the end of the various chapters.
What is Saptanga theory of Manu?
What is Saptanga principle?