# What is the meaning of seismometers?

## What is the meaning of seismometers?

A seismometer is the internal part of the seismograph, which may be a pendulum or a mass mounted on a spring; however, it is often used synonymously with “seismograph”. Seismographs are instruments used to record the motion of the ground during an earthquake.

## How effective are seismometers?

Modern seismometers are accurate enough to register even the tiniest ground movements of only a few nanometres – in other words, of a millionth of a millimetre. The strength of the earthquake is determined from the measured amplitudes and the distance to the hypocentre of the earthquake.

What are the tracings of seismometers called?

A seismogram is a tracing of earthquake motion created by a seismograph.

What do seismometers seismographs detect?

A seismograph, or seismometer, is an instrument used to detect and record earthquakes. Generally, it consists of a mass attached to a fixed base. During an earthquake, the base moves and the mass does not. The motion of the base with respect to the mass is commonly transformed into an electrical voltage.

### How do seismometers measure the interior of the Earth?

A worldwide array of seismometers can actually image the interior of the Earth in wave-speed and transmissivity. This type of system uses events such as earthquakes, impact events or nuclear explosions as wave sources. The first efforts at this method used manual data reduction from paper seismograph charts.

### What is the frequency of a seismometer?

Some seismometers can measure motions with frequencies from 500 Hz to 0.00118 Hz (1/500 = 0.002 seconds per cycle, to 1/0.00118 = 850 seconds per cycle). The mechanical suspension for horizontal instruments remains the garden-gate described above. Vertical instruments use some kind of constant-force suspension, such as the LaCoste suspension.

What instrument is used to measure seismic waves?

This design is often used in a geophone, which is used in exploration for oil and gas. Seismic observatories usually have instruments measuring three axes: north-south (y-axis), east-west (x-axis), and vertical (z-axis). If only one axis is measured, it is usually the vertical because it is less noisy and gives better records of some seismic waves.

What is the difference between a seismograph and a seismometer?

Natural Hazards. A seismometer is the internal part of the seismograph, which may be a pendulum or a mass mounted on a spring; however, it is often used synonymously with “seismograph”. Seismographs are instruments used to record the motion of the ground during an earthquake.