Which of the following is Jose Joaquin de Olmedo known for?
Which of the following is José Joaquin de Olmedo known for?
José Joaquín Olmedo, also called José Joaquín de Olmedo, (born March 20, 1780, Guayaquil, New Granada [now in Ecuador]—died February 19, 1847, Guayaquil, Ecuador), poet and statesman whose odes commemorating South America’s achievement of independence from Spain captured the revolutionary spirit of his time and …
What is the name of the poem written by José Joaquín de Olmedo that commemorates the independence of Guayaquil?
La victoria de Junín: Canto a Bolívar
In his poetry, Olmedo emphasized patriotic themes. His best-known work is La victoria de Junín: Canto a Bolívar (1825; “The Victory at Junín: Song to Bolívar”), which commemorates the decisive battle won there by the forces of the liberator Simón Bolívar against the Spanish armies.
Who led Ecuador to independence?
Ecuador’s identification with the wider South American independence movement – led principally by Venezuelan Simón Bolívar Palacios and the Argentinean José de San Martín – was ultimately what permitted it to throw of the shackles of Spanish domination as early as it did.
What is celebrated on October 9 in Guayaquil?
The Independence of Guayaquil
The Independence of Guayaquil is a public holiday in Ecuador observed on October 9th each year. If October 9th falls on a weekend, the holiday is usually observed on the closest weekday. This holiday celebrates the anniversary of the independence of Ecuador’s largest city on this day in 1820.
What is the capital of Ecuador?
QuitoEcuador / Capital
Quito, the capital of Ecuador, was founded in the 16th century on the ruins of an Inca city and stands at an altitude of 2,850 m. Despite the 1917 earthquake, the city has the best-preserved, least altered historic centre in Latin America.
Who ruled Ecuador?
the Spanish crown
During much of the colonial period, what is now Ecuador was under the direct jurisdiction of the law court (audiencia) of Quito and ultimately under the rule of the Spanish crown. Spanish culture was spread primarily by religious orders and male Spanish colonists.
Who liberated Ecuador?
Bolívar himself led multiple expeditionary forces against the Spaniards, and between 1819 and 1822 he successfully liberated three territories—New Granada (Colombia and Panama), Venezuela, and Quito (Ecuador)—from Spanish rule.
When did Ecuador gain independence?
May 24, 1822Ecuador / Founded
How is Guayaquil Independence Day celebrated?
Guayaquil festivals also include fireworks, music, concerts, food, drinking, and dancing, as well as the traditional Nautical Parade through the Salado Estuary. Most events are held in the “9 de Octubre” street or near monuments that commemorate Guayaquil independence.
Who named Ecuador?
Ecuador’s name comes from the Spanish word for the equator. The country, which straddles the equator, even has a monument built to celebrate its location in the middle of the world, found about 24 kilometres from the capital of Quito in San Antonio de Pichincha.
Who was the first president of Ecuador?
Juan José Flores was the first constitutional president of Ecuador, declaring the separation of the State of Ecuador from Gran Colombia, maintaining its presidential government structure, which has remained until the present day.
Who established Ecuador?
Spanish conquistadors, led by Francisco Pizarro, arrived in Ecuador in 1531. The Spanish then founded two hugely significant cities Guayaquil and Quito, which still exist today.
Who was Jose de San Martin and what did he do?
José de San Martín, (born February 25, 1778, Yapeyú, viceroyalty of Río de la Plata [now in Argentina]—died August 17, 1850, Boulogne-sur-Mer, France), Argentine soldier, statesman, and national hero who helped lead the revolutions against Spanish rule in Argentina (1812), Chile (1818), and Peru (1821).
Who freed Ecuador?
When was Guayaquil founded?
In 1537 the Spanish explorer Francisco de Orellana established the town at its present location, naming it Santiago de Guayaquil in honour of Santiago (St. James, on whose feast day it was founded) and, as legend has it, the local Indian chief Guaya and his wife Quila.
Are Ecuadorians friendly?
Ecuadorians are generally nice and hospitable to visitors and tourists, but that won’t keep them from making fun when they see gringos trekking the Amazon in a thick poncho or hiking a volcano in flip-flops.
Did Ecuador participate in ww2?
Ecuador was still suffering from the effects of the Great Depression when it became involved in World War II. It sided with the Allies and allowed the United States to build military bases on its territory, but it played little direct part in the war.
Who is the 47th President of Ecuador?
Guillermo Alberto Santiago Lasso Mendoza (American Spanish: [ɡiˈʝeɾmo ˈlaso]; born 16 November 1955) is an Ecuadorian businessman, banker, writer and politician who has served as the 47th president of Ecuador since 24 May 2021.
Who was the previous president of Ecuador?
From 1996 to 2005, 3 constitutional presidents were overthrown (Abdalá Bucaram, Jamil Mahuad and Lucio Gutiérrez). The left-wing populist government of Rafael Correa (2007–2017) has been the most stable in national history, being able to remain in power constitutionally without interruptions for 10 years and 4 months.
Why is José de San Martín significant?
José Francisco de San Martín (February 25, 1778–August 17, 1850) was an Argentine general and governor who led his nation during the wars of Independence from Spain. He is counted among the founding fathers of Argentina and also led the liberations of Chile and Peru.
What did José de San Martín do to help the independence movement?
Distinguishing himself with the army in Spain, San Martin returned to his continent of birth in 1812 intent on helping the revolutionary governments there. San Martin did just that, securing Argentinian independence and liberating Chile and Peru from Spanish rule in part through a daring march across the Andes.
Who founded Ecuador?
What is Guayaquil known for?
Guayaquil, also known as “the Pearl of the Pacific”, is Ecuador’s most important coastal city. With more than 3 million inhabitants, it also happens to be Ecuador’s most populated city. It’s vibrant, hectic, hot, humid, tropical and its people are known for their warmth, expressiveness and extroversion.
¿Qué pasó en el 9 de octubre de 1820 en Guayaquil?
En la mañana de ese glorioso 9 de octubre de 1820, cuando brilló “La Aurora Gloriosa” y los primeros rayos del sol iluminaron la ciudad, Guayaquil y toda la provincia ya eran libres, para siempre, del dominio español. Se había iniciado la independencia de la Patria. A las 10 de la mañana se conformó una Junta de Gobierno integrada por el Crnel.
¿Por qué es importante el mes de octubre en el Ecuador?
El mes de octubre es un mes muy importante en la historia del Ecuador ya que el día 9 de ese mes en el año 1820 se dio el Primer Grito de Independencia del yugo español en el Ecuador 529 años después de la llegada de Colón al Nuevo Mundo.
¿Qué pasó el 9 de octubre de 1890?
Resumen sobre el 9 de octubre de 1890, proceso independentista que concluyo con la Provincia Libre de Guayaquil. El proceso inicio el 1 octubre de 1820 en la casa de Pedro Morlás donde José Villamil expuso sus ideas libertarias, después de esta reunión comenzó el asalto a varios cuarteles realistas españoles.
¿Cuál fue el eco de la Revolución de octubre?
El eco de la revolución de octubre retumbó en todos los rincones de la patria, y los jóvenes criollos, que organizaron las primeras tropas para intentar dar la independencia a Quito, llevaron a los pueblos del interior nuevos alientos y esperanzas.