What is deleterious substance in aggregate?

What is deleterious substance in aggregate?

Deleterious materials and highly undesirable constituents. Organic impurities, clay, silt and crushed dust, salts, unsound particles, and alkali aggregate reactions.

What are the deleterious constituents?

The term “deleterious substances’* or “deleterious constituents” has become a common one for describing this class of materials. Deleterious substances are those which adversely affect the concrete in which they are used. These substances may be categorized on the basis of the nature of their harmful effects.

What is No 4 aggregate?

Stone number is defined by the amount of an aggregate that will pass through specific sieves by mass percent. The numbered sieves refer to the number of square openings per inch (25.4 mm-so a #4 sieve has 1/4-inch (4.75-mm) square openings; a #16 has 1/16-inch (1.18-mm) square openings.

What is rodded unit weight?

The unit weight (or dry rodded unit weight) is a measure of the weight of a specific volume of graded aggregates and is used for monitoring aggregate consistency and in the mix proportioning process.

What are the tolerance levels of deleterious material in sand?


  • ( Limit of Deleterious material is 15.00% for crushed sand)
  • REMARK: The observed results are within the permissible limits for crushed sand (Fine Aggregate) vide table 2 of IS 383: 2016(Clause 5.2.
  • Coarse Sand:
  • What is SSD condition of aggregate?

    An SSD condition is one in which the aggregate has no FREE water on the surface of the aggregate.

    Why is wood wool a deleterious material?

    Woodwool slabs remain on the list of deleterious materials on the basis that poor compaction of the concrete at the time of construction may result in loss of grout and consequent honeycombing of the concrete around the reinforcement at the soffit of a slab or rib.

    Why are brick slips deleterious material?

    Brick slips: These can be made from deleterious materials. There is a risk of poor adhesion and the lack of ‘soft joints’ can transfer loads to slips and cause delamination. Cadmium products. Chlorides: Calcium chloride and sodium chloride.

    What is Aashto #8?

    AASHTO #8 is a large grade of crushed stone. Like AASHTO #1, #3, and #57, it is a clean material that will not compact. However, the top size of AASHTO #8 aggregate is significantly smaller, making it ideal for different applications within the construction industry.

    What is #10 aggregate?

    AASHTO #10 is a grade of crushed stone dust valued for its cleanliness and resistance to compaction. The small top size of AASHTO #10 means that it will drain, but it does so slowly.

    What does rodded mean?

    rodded in American English (ˈrɑdɪd) adjective. made of or fitted with rods.

    Which material is most deleterious?

    Asbestos – Asbestos is the most written about deleterious material; Please see our other blogs for information on asbestos hazards and management.

    What are the 4 major moisture conditions for aggregates?

    There are four moisture states: Oven-dry (OD); all moisture removed. Air-dry (AD); surface moisture removed, internal pores partially full. Saturated-surface-dry (SSD); surface moisture removed, all internal pores full.

    What do you mean by SSD and wet condition of an aggregate?

    SSD stands for saturated surface-dry and it describes a condition that a concrete surface must be brought to when a cement product is to be applied to it. The surface is SSD when the substrate is saturated with water, filling the voids in the substrate’s aggregate, but the outer surface is devoid of free water.

    Is lead deleterious?

    Lead and Lead Containing Materials (LCM) are hazardous materials which are neuro-toxic. Lead in paint is far more widespread than is realised. HSE guidance states: ‘if preparing paintwork, lead surveys’ are a requirement for pre-construction information.

    What are calcium silicate bricks?

    Calcium silicate bricks are made of sand and lime and popularly known as sand lime bricks. These bricks are used for several purposes in construction industries such as ornamental works in buildings, masonry works etc.

    What is Aashto #57 stone?

    AASHTO #57 aggregate is a crushed stone grade that is gravel-like and made from a blend of stones five, six and seven. It comes from natural rock, so the pieces are jagged and angular.

    What size stone is Aashto 2?

    2A stone: Also known as 2A crushed stone or 2A modified stone, this material is a mixture of crushed stone and coarse stone dust and derives its name from its 2-inch top size. Builders typically use 2A stone in projects where drainage and stability are primary concerns.

    What does Rodd mean?

    In English Baby Names the meaning of the name Rodd is: Famous ruler.

    What does hot rodded mean?

    A colloquialism and slang term used to refer to the act of modifying a vehicle for enhanced driving performance, top speed, and/or to accelerate faster. “Are you going to hot rod [the vehicle] or leave it stock?” 1. Hot-rodder. noun.

    Why is moisture content important in aggregates?

    It’s important to determine the moisture content of aggregate prior to mixing, because it affects the proportion of mix water needed to achieve the desired water/cementitious materials ratio.

    What is the difference between the SSD and the wet moisture state?

    When all the interior pores of the aggregate are filled with water but there is no moisture on the surface then the aggregate is in a saturated-surface-dry (SSD) state. When all the interior pores of the aggregate are filled with water and there is moisture on the surface then the aggregate is in a wet state.

    How can you tell if a brick is calcium silicate?

    In their natural state, calcium silicate bricks are white to a creamy off-white colour, but the addition of ochres (buff or cream colours), iron oxides (pink, red, brown or black) or chrome oxide (green) can enable a very wide variety of colours to be produced.

    What are blue engineering bricks?

    Stronger and less porous engineering bricks (UK Class A) are usually blue due to the higher firing temperature whilst class B bricks are usually red.

    What is Aashto No 57?

    What is a deleterious material?

    The definition of deleterious material varies with the intended use and the anticipated affect on the final product. For coarse aggregate for portland cement concrete ( Sec 1005 ), the following definitions apply:

    How to calculate the percentage of a deleterious substance?

    The percentage of a deleterious substance shall be calculated as follows: P = Percentage of each deleterious substance component. C = Actual weight (mass) of deleterious substance for that component. Report the percent deleterious obtained for each constituent required by specification, to the nearest tenth (0.1).

    What are the types of harmful substances in aggregates?

    6 Types of Deleterious Substances in Aggregate 1 Organic Impurities. Organic impurities interfere with the hydration reaction. 2 Clay. Clay may coat the surface of aggregates which impair bond strength between aggregate and cement paste. 3 Silt and crusher dust. 4 Salts. 5 Unsound Particles. 6 Alkali- Aggregate Reactions.

    What are the adverse effects of deleterious materials on concrete?

    Adverse effects of deleterious materials on concrete includes the increase of water demand in concrete, impair bond strength between cement and aggregate, reduce durability, result in concrete popouts, and impair wear resistance.